Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Living reference work entry

Abstract

In 1973, Jones et al. described, in the American medical literature, a constellation of features in children born to alcoholic mothers, now known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). In 1996, the Institute of Medicine further defined criteria of FAS and proposed two new terms, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBDs), to include structural CNS and cognitive abnormalities in children in whom fetal exposure to alcohol has been confirmed.

Keywords

Depression Nicotine Caffeine Glucocorticoid Hypoglycemia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical GeneticsShriners Hospitals for ChildrenShreveportUSA
  2. 2.Perinatal and Clinical Genetics, Department of PediatricsLSU Health Sciences CenterShreveportUSA

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