Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Host-Virus Interaction: From Metagenomics to Single-Cell Genomics

  • Arbel D. Tadmor
  • Rob Phillips
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_792-2

Synonyms

Definition

dPCR (digital PCR) is a PCR reaction performed in a nanoliter or subnanoliter volume making it possible to detect single molecules.

MetaCAT (metagenome cluster analysis tool) is a metagenome data mining tool that uses an iterative dynamic clustering approach to identify the most abundant genes in a given metagenome with respect to a reference dataset containing potentially homologous genes.

Bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within bacteria (phage for short).

Prophage is a phage genome that is integrated into the bacterial genome or exists in the form of a plasmid within the cell.

Introduction

It is widely appreciated today that viruses are a dominant and critical part of Earth’s biosphere. Yet despite the major advances in the study of environmental viruses in most cases, our knowledge of which viruses go with which hosts is meager. In the classic phage isolation technique, known as the plaque...

Keywords

Viral Marker Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction Negative Selection Pressure Large Terminase Subunit Environmental Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TRON – Translational Oncology at the University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University MainzMainzGermany
  2. 2.Departments of Applied Physics and Bioengineering California Institute of TechnologyCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA