Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Brazilian Atlantic Forest Soil Metagenome

  • Helisson Faoro
  • Emanuel Maltempi de Souza
  • Fábio Oliveira Pedrosa
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_781-1

The Brazilian Atlantic Forest

The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is one of the 25 biodiversity hot spots and also one of the most threatened areas in the world (Myers et al. 2000). The original Atlantic Forest covered an area of 1,315,460 km2 and spread to 17 states from the northeast to the south coast of Brazil. Nowadays, only 7.9 % of the original forest remains. It includes a dense rain forest, which comprehends the high montane, montane, submontane, coastal forests, and the mangrove; an ombrophilous mixed forest, with predominance of Araucariaceae and Lauraceae forests; and the deciduous and semi-deciduous stationary forests. The forest is divided in blocks ranging from 1,500 m above sea level in the high montane forest to the coastal forest and mangrove, creating a gradient of vegetation (Câmara 2003) (for a detailed map of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, check http://mapas.sosma.org.br/).

According to the Brazilian Environment Ministry (MMA – http://www.mma.gov.br/biomas/mata-atlantica...


Microbial Diversity Metagenomic Library Biotechnological Potential Bacterial Lipase Geobacillus Stearothermophilus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helisson Faoro
    • 1
  • Emanuel Maltempi de Souza
    • 1
  • Fábio Oliveira Pedrosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyFederal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil