Brazilian Atlantic Forest Soil Metagenome
The Brazilian Atlantic Forest
The Brazilian Atlantic Forest is one of the 25 biodiversity hot spots and also one of the most threatened areas in the world (Myers et al. 2000). The original Atlantic Forest covered an area of 1,315,460 km2 and spread to 17 states from the northeast to the south coast of Brazil. Nowadays, only 7.9 % of the original forest remains. It includes a dense rain forest, which comprehends the high montane, montane, submontane, coastal forests, and the mangrove; an ombrophilous mixed forest, with predominance of Araucariaceae and Lauraceae forests; and the deciduous and semi-deciduous stationary forests. The forest is divided in blocks ranging from 1,500 m above sea level in the high montane forest to the coastal forest and mangrove, creating a gradient of vegetation (Câmara 2003) (for a detailed map of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, check http://mapas.sosma.org.br/).
According to the Brazilian Environment Ministry (MMA – http://www.mma.gov.br/biomas/mata-atlantica...
KeywordsMicrobial Diversity Metagenomic Library Biotechnological Potential Bacterial Lipase Geobacillus Stearothermophilus
- Câmara IG. Brief history of conservation in the Atlantic Forest. In: Galindo-Leal C, Câmara IG, editors. The Atlantic Forest of South America: biodiversity status, threats and outlook. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2003. p. 31–42.Google Scholar