Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Viral Pathogens in Clinical Samples by Use of a Metagenomic Approach

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_769-2

Synonyms

Definition

Viral pathogens in clinical samples here refer to the human viruses isolated (or been discovered) in clinical samples that associate with known human diseases. Viruses from environmental samples or nonhuman biological samples as well as the large amount of commensal viruses in human virome are not discussed in this entry.

Introduction

Viral diseases continue to threat public health and medicine in the twenty-first century by causing significant disease burden globally. Accurate and rapid identification of the viral agents is the key step towards better control and prevention of the associate diseases. Traditional techniques for virus discovery such as cultivation-, morphology-, serology-, and immunology-based methods have contributed significantly to the identification of most important viral pathogens during the last century. In addition, modern molecular methods such as PCR and microarray also play more and...

Keywords

Influenza Diarrhea Thrombocytopenia Encephalitis Leukopenia 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MOH Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of PathogensInstitute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (CAMS&PUMC)BeijingPeople’s Republic of China