Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Metagenomics of Mangroves

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_606-4

Introduction to Mangroves

Mangroves are boundary landform ecosystems present in tropical and subtropical regions, located in the intersection between land and sea (Holguin et al. 2001). This ecosystem acts as a buffer area being essential for maintenance of the sea level and for the protection of the coast (Duke et al. 2007). Environmental conditions particular to this biome are the salinity – which is related to the influence of the sea – and the frequent fluctuation between aerobic and anaerobic condition, caused by the fluctuation in the tidal regime (Holguin et al. 2001; Ferreira et al. 2010), which significantly causes an effect on redox potential that ranges from −200 to +150 mV (Clark et al. 1998). Figure 1 illustrates mangroves on its distinct aspects.


Microbial Community Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation Biogeochemical Cycle Archaeal Community Microbial Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of Sao PauloSao PauloBrazil