Encyclopedia of Metagenomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Karen E. Nelson

Extraction Methods, Variability Encountered in

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6418-1_132-3

Synonyms

Definition

The variability in extraction methods is defined as differences in quality and quantity of DNA observed using various extraction protocols, leading to differences in outcome of microbial community composition assessments using genomic approaches.

Introduction

Microbial communities are at the very basis of life on Earth, catalyzing biogeochemical reactions and driving global nutrient cycles (Falkowski et al. 2008). As yet, they are not on the global biodiversity conservation agenda, implying that microbial diversity is not under any threat by anthropogenic disturbance or climate change. However, this maybe a misconception caused by the rudimentary knowledge we have concerning microbial communities in their natural habitats as compared to the knowledge we have on plants and animals. The inability to culture the vast majority of microbes present in ecosystems prevents the detailed study of their...

Keywords

Microbial Community Humic Acid Community Composition Chip Format Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microbial EcologyNetherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)WageningenNetherlands