Skip to main content

Social Networks in Emergency Response

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining


Collective response; Communication Network; Data mining; Disaster; Emergency; Event detection; Spatiotemporal analysis; Social networks



An unexpected and often dangerous situation, typically affecting multiple individuals and requiring immediate action

Social and Communication Networks:

Networks of people interacting with each other through web-based (e.g., Twitter) and mobile-based (e.g., mobile phone) technologies

Social Media:

Web-based tools that enable people to communicate and interact with each other in various media forms including text and multimedia. Examples of these tools include emails, instant messengers (IM), blogs, microblogs (e.g., Twitter), vlogs (e.g., YouTube), podcasts, forum, wikis, social news (e.g., Digg), social bookmarking (e.g., Delicious), and social networks (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn)


Modern datasets derived from telecommunication technologies such as online social media and mobile phone systems offer a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 1,500.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 549.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  • Aramaki E, Maskawa S, Morita M (2011) Twitter catches the flu: detecting influenza epidemics using twitter. In: Proceedings of the conference on empirical methods in natural language processing, Edinburgh. Association for Computational Linguistics, pp 1568–1576

    Google Scholar 

  • Bagrow JP, Wang D, Barabsi A-L (2011) Collective response of human populations to large-scale emergencies. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17680

    Google Scholar 

  • Caragea C, McNeese N, Jaiswal A, Traylor G, Kim H, Mitra P, Wu D, Tapia A, Giles L, Jansen B, et al (2011) Classifying text messages for the Haiti earthquake. In: Proceedings of the 8th international ISCRAM conference, ISCRAM, Harbin, vol 11

    Google Scholar 

  • Chew C, Eysenbach G (2010) Pandemics in the age of twitter: content analysis of tweets during the 2009 h1n1 outbreak. PLoS One 5(11):e14118

    Google Scholar 

  • Culotta A (2010) Towards detecting influenza epidemics by analyzing twitter messages. In: Proceedings of the first workshop on social media analytics, Washington, DC. ACM, pp 115–122

    Google Scholar 

  • Earle P, Bowden D, Guy M (2012) Twitter earthquake detection: earthquake monitoring in a social world. Ann Geophys 54(6):708–715

    Google Scholar 

  • Ginsberg J, Mohebbi M, Patel R, Brammer L, Smolinski M, Brilliant L (2008) Detecting influenza epidemics using search engine query data. Nature 457(7232): 1012–1014

    Google Scholar 

  • Gomide J, Veloso A, Meira W, Almeida V, Benevenuto F, Ferraz F, Teixeira M (2011) Dengue surveillance based on a computational model of spatio-temporal locality of twitter

    Google Scholar 

  • Guy M, Earle P, Ostrum C, Gruchalla K, Horvath S (2010) Integration and dissemination of citizen reported and seismically derived earthquake information via social network technologies. In: Proceedings of the 9th international conference on advances in intelligent data analysis, Tucson, pp 42–53

    Google Scholar 

  • Hughes A, Palen L (2009) Twitter adoption and use in mass convergence and emergency events. Int J Emerg Manag 6(3):248–260

    Google Scholar 

  • Kapoor A, Eagle N, Horvitz E (2010) People, quakes, and communications: inferences from call dynamics about a seismic event and its influences on a population. In: Proceedings of AAAI artificial intelligence for development (AI-D'10), Stanford

    Google Scholar 

  • Li J, Rao H (2010) Twitter as a rapid response news service: an exploration in the context of the 2008 china earthquake. Electron J Inf Syst Dev Ctries 42(0)

    Google Scholar 

  • Mendoza M, Poblete B, Castillo C (2010) Twitter under crisis: can we trust what we rt? In: Proceedings of the first workshop on social media analytics, Washington, DC. ACM, pp 71–79

    Google Scholar 

  • Paul M, Dredze M (2011) You are what you tweet: analyzing twitter for public health. In: Proceedings of the 5th international AAAI conference on weblogs and social media (ICWSM), Barcelona

    Google Scholar 

  • Petrescu-Prahova M, Butts CT (2008) Emergent coordinators in the World Trade Center disaster. Int J Mass Emerg Disasters 28(3):133–168

    Google Scholar 

  • Prier K, Smith M, Giraud-Carrier C, Hanson C (2011) Identifying health-related topics on twitter. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference social computing, behavioral-cultural modeling and prediction, College Park, pp 18–25

    Google Scholar 

  • Quincey E, Kostkova P (2010) Early warning and outbreak detection using social networking websites: The potential of twitter. Electronic Healthcare. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 21–24

    Google Scholar 

  • Rodríguez H, Quarantelli E, Dynes R (2006) Handbook of disaster research. Springer, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Sakaki T, Okazaki M, Matsuo Y (2010) Earthquake shakes twitter users: real-time event detection by social sensors. In: Proceedings of the 19th international conference on world wide web, Raleigh. ACM, pp 851–860

    Google Scholar 

  • Sheetz S, Kavanaugh AL, Quek F, Kim BJ, Lu S-C (2010) The expectation of connectedness and cell phone use in crises. J Emergen Manag 7(2):124–136

    Google Scholar 

  • Signorini A, Segre A, Polgreen P (2011) The use of twitter to track levels of disease activity and public concern in the us during the influenza a h1n1 pandemic. PLoS One 6(5):e19467

    Google Scholar 

  • Zamite J, Silva F, Couto F, Silva M (2011) Medcollector: multisource epidemic data collector. In: Transactions on large-scale data-and knowledge-centered systems IV. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, 7(2):124–136

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

About this entry

Cite this entry

Wang, D., Lin, YR., Bagrow, J.P. (2014). Social Networks in Emergency Response. In: Alhajj, R., Rokne, J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining. Springer, New York, NY.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics