Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2014 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Klein, Melanie

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_9098

Melanie Klein (1882–1960) was born in Vienna, Austria, the youngest of four children, to Moriz Reizes, a medical doctor, and Libussa Deutsch, his young second wife. Moriz was born into an Orthodox Jewish family and was intended by his parents to study for the rabbinate, but he rebelled and attended medical school. Melanie was close to her strong, domineering mother, but emulated her emotionally remote and intellectual father. A brilliant and unorthodox first-generation psychoanalyst, she rose to become one of the foremost theorists and practitioners of her time and is credited with founding the “object relations” school of psychoanalysis. At the same time, her personal life was shadowed by loss and tragedy, and it is perhaps no coincidence that much of her writings focused on themes of depression and manic depression, psychic splitting, the death instinct, envy, and reparation.

Melanie’s life was marked by a series of tragic and traumatic losses—the death of her beloved older sister...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Cooper-White, P. (2007). Many voices: Pastoral psychotherapy in relational and theological perspective. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
  2. Eigen, M. (1998). The psychoanalytic mystic. New York: Free Association Books, Ltd.Google Scholar
  3. Grant, B. W. (2001). A theology for pastoral psychotherapy: God’s play in sacred spaces. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Grosskurth, P. (1986). Melanie Klein: Her world and her work (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Hinshelwood, R. (1989). A dictionary of Kleinian thought. London: Free Association Books.Google Scholar
  6. Hinshelwood, R. (1993). Clinical Klein. London: Free Association Books.Google Scholar
  7. Jacobus, M. L. (2006). The poetics of psychoanalysis: In the wake of Klein. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Jones, J. W. (1993). Contemporary psychoanalysis and religion: Transference and transcendence. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  9. King, P., & Steiner, R. (1991). The Freud-Klein controversies 1941–45. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Klein, M. (1961). Narrative of a child analysis: The conduct of the psychoanalysis of children as seen in a treatment of a ten-year-old boy. In R. Money-Kyrle, B. Joseph, E. O’Shaughnessy, & H. Segal (Eds.), The writings of Melanie Klein (Vol. 4). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  11. Klein, M. (1975a). Love, guilt and reparation and other works 1921–1945. In R. Money-Kyrle, B. Joseph, E. O’Shaughnessy, & H. Segal (Eds.), The writings of Melanie Klein (Vol. 1). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  12. Klein, M. (1975b). Envy and gratitude and other works 1946–1963. In R. Money-Kyrle, B. Joseph, E. O’Shaughnessy, & H. Segal (Eds.), The writings of Melanie Klein (Vol. 3). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  13. Klein, M. (1984). The psychoanalysis of children. In R. Money-Kyrle, B. Joseph, E. O’Shaughnessy, & H. Segal (Eds.), The writings of Melanie Klein (Vol. 2). New York: Free Press. Original work published 1932.Google Scholar
  14. Kristeva, J. (2004). Melanie Klein (trans: Guberman, R.). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Melanie Klein Trust. (Founded 1955). Retrieved from http://www.melanie-klein-trust.org.uk/#. Accessed 4 Aug 2012.Google Scholar
  16. Rizzuto, A.-M. (1981). The birth of the living God: A psychoanalytic study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  17. Sayers, J. (1991). Mothers of psychoanalysis. New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
  18. Segal, H. (1979). Melanie Klein. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  19. Spillius, E. (Ed.). (1988). Melanie Klein today: Mainly theory: Developments in theory and practice (Vol. 1). London: Routledge’.Google Scholar
  20. Spillius, E. (Ed.). (1989). Melanie Klein today: Mainly practice: New developments in theory and practice (Vol. 2). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Spillius, E., Milton, J., Garvey, P., Gouve, C., & Steiner, D. (2011). The new dictionary of Kleinian thought. East Sussex: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Wright, N. (1991). Mrs. Klein. New York: Samuel French.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Columbia Theological SeminaryDecaturUSA