Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2014 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Kohut, Heinz

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_853

Heinz Kohut (1913–1981): Born in Vienna, Heinz Kohut emigrated to Chicago in 1939 where he trained in psychiatry at the University of Chicago. In 1946 he entered the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis where he would remain as a supervisor and training analyst for the rest of his life.

Kohut received wide recognition late in his life for the development of the theory of Self Psychology in which he replaced Freud’s drive theory with a focus on experience of self. According to his theory, narcissism had its own line of development. There could be no self without another; it was in relationship that the self was formed and developed. Hence, Kohut’s vision of treatment emphasized understanding the context of the patient’s reaction. For this, the analyst relied on a process Kohut called “empathy and vicarious introspection” in order to understand and explain the patient’s subjective experience within the treatment.

Kohut comprehensively outlined his theory in his 1968 paper “The...

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Bibliography

  1. Kohut, H. (1971). The analysis of the self. Madison: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  2. Kohut, H. (1977). The restoration of the self. Madison: International Universities Press.Google Scholar
  3. Kohut, H. (1984). How does analysis cure? Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lachmann, F. M. (2000). Transforming aggression: Psychotherapy with the difficult-to-treat patient. Northvale: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
  5. Lachmann, F. M. (2008). Transforming narcissism: Reflections on empathy, humor, and expectations. New York: The Analytic Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ornstein, P. H., & Ornstein, A. (1985). Clinical understanding and explaining: The empathic vantage point. In A. Goldberg (Ed.), Progress in self psychology (Vol. I, pp. 43–61). Hillsdale: The Analytic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Strozier, C. B. (2001). Heinz Kohut: The making of a psychoanalyst. New York: Other Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Blanton-Peale InstituteAssociation for Psychoanalytic Self PsychologyNew YorkUSA