Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2014 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Trickster

  • David A. Leeming
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6086-2_245

The trickster is a common character in mythology and in certain religious traditions, especially, but not exclusively the animistic – spirit-based – religions of Africa and Native North America. Typically male, the trickster usually has extreme appetites for food and sex. He is immoral, or, at least, amoral, and he is, more often than not, a thief. Yet he often uses his inventiveness to help human beings and is sometimes, in effect, a culture hero. Often his inventiveness interferes with creation, however, and causes such realities as pain and death. The trickster is a shape shifter. He can change shapes at will and, in that sense, is perhaps a mythological relative of the shaman.

In the ancient Greek religion, Hermes, as a child, has trickster aspects, as, for instance, when he steals Apollo’s cattle. In India, the great man-god Krishna, the most important of the avatars of the god Vishnu, constantly plays tricks – some of a sexual nature, as when he steals the clothes of his bathing...

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Bibliography

  1. Jung, C. G. (1969a). Archetypes of the collective unconscious (Vol. 9, pt. 1). Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Jung, C. G. (1969b). Four archetypes: Mother/rebirth/spirit/trickster. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Leeming, D. A. (1990). The world of myth (pp. 163–174). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Radin, P. (1969). The trickster: A study in American Indian mythology. New York: Greenwood.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA