Advertisement

Gambling During Adolescence

  • Angela D. Mooss
  • Jennifer Zorland
Reference work entry

Children and adolescents between the ages of 13–18 have become increasingly vulnerable to problem gambling in the United States and Canada. Furthermore, young adults engaging in gambling activities are more likely to drink alcohol and use other illegal substances, as well as have poorer school performances (Daghestani, Elenz, & Crayton, 1996; Huang & Boyer, 2007). For youth populations, problem gambling often leads to behavioral, psychological, social, academic, and interpersonal problems including delinquency, criminal acts, poor academic performance, school truancy, disrupted familial and peer relationships, and even suicide (Hardoon & Derevensky, 2002). Warning signs for youth problem gambling can also include unexplained absences from school or work; grades dropping; stealing money to gamble; preoccupation with gambling, lying, cheating, or stealing; and gambling to escape worries.

Definition and Scope

Pathological gambling was recognized in 1980 by the DSM-III and is currently...

References

  1. Addictions Foundation of Manitoba. (2011). It’s your lucky day. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://www.luckyday.ca/home.html
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Behnsain, K., Taillefer, A., & Ladouceur, R. (2004). Awareness of independence of events and erroneous perceptions while gambling. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 399–404.Google Scholar
  4. Blanco, C., Orensanz-Munoz, L., Blanco-Jerez, C., & Saiz-Ruiz, J. (1996). Pathological gambling and platelet activity: A psychobiological study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 119–123.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Blaszczynski, A., & Nower, L. (2002). A pathways model of pathological gambling. Addiction, 97, 487–500.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Byrne, A. M., Dickson, L., Derevensky, J. L., Gupta, R., & Lussier, I. (2005). The application of youth substance use media campaigns to problem gambling: A critical evaluation. Journal of Health Communication, 10, 681–700.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Cunningham-Williams, R. M., Cottler, L. B., Compton, W. M., & Spitznagel, E. L. (1998). Taking chances: Problem gamblers and mental health disorders. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1093–1096.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Daghestani, A. N., Elenz, E., & Crayton, J. W. (1996). Pathological gambling in substance abusing veterans. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 57, 360–363.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2004). Adolescents with gambling problems: A review of our current knowledge. E-Gambling: The Electronic Journal of Gambling Issues, 10, 119–140.Google Scholar
  10. Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2006). Measuring gambling problems among adolescents: Current status and future directions. International Gambling Studies, 6, 201–215.Google Scholar
  11. Dickson, L., Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2004). Harm reduction for the prevention of youth gambling problems: Lessons learned from adolescent high risk prevention programs. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19, 233–263.Google Scholar
  12. Felsher, J., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2003). Parent influences and social modeling of youth lottery participation. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 13, 361–377.Google Scholar
  13. Ferland, F., Ladouceur, R., & Vitaro, F. (2002). Prevention of problem gambling: Modifying misconceptions and increasing knowledge. Journal of Gambling Studies, 18(1), 19–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (1998). Adolescent gambling behavior: A prevalence study and examination of the correlates associated with problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14, 319–345.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Gupta, R., Derevensky, J., & Marget, N. (2004). Coping strategies employed by adolescents with gambling problems. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 9, 115–120.Google Scholar
  16. Hardoon, K. K., & Derevensky, J. L. (2002). Child and adolescent gambling behavior: Current knowledge. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 7, 263–281.Google Scholar
  17. Harvard Medical School Division on Addictions. (2009). Facing the odds. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://www.divisiononaddictions.org/curr/facing_the_odds.htm
  18. Huang, J., & Boyer, R. (2007). Epidemiology of youth gambling problems in Canada: A national prevalence study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 657–665.Google Scholar
  19. International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High-Risk Behaviors McGill University. (1994–2011). Youth gambling workshop; know limits; clean break; the amazing chateau; Hooked city. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://youthgambling.mcgill.ca/Gambling2/en/prevention/tools.php
  20. Jacobs, D. F. (2000). Juvenile gambling in North America: An analysis of long-term trends and future prospects. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 119–152.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Ladouceur, R., Sylvain, C., Boutin, C., & Doucet, C. (2002). Understanding and treating pathological gamblers. London, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
  22. Ladouceur, R., & Walker, M. (1996). Cognitive perspective on gambling. In P. M. Salkovskis (Ed.), Trends in cognitive therapy (pp. 89–120). Oxford, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
  23. Macdonald, J., & Somerset, M. (2003, May 27). Minimizing risk through preventative skills development. Paper presented to 12th international conference on gambling and risk taking. Vancouver, Canada.Google Scholar
  24. Martins, S., Storr, C., Ialongo, N. S., & Chilcoat, H. D. (2008). Gender differences in mental health characteristics and gambling among African-American adolescent gamblers. American Journal on Addictions, 17, 126–134.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Messerlian, C., & Derevensky, J. (2007). Evaluating the role of social marketing campaigns to prevent youth gambling problems: A qualitative study. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98, 101–104.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Minnesota Council on Compulsive Gambling’s North American Training Institute. (n.d.). Wanna bet? Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://wannabet.org
  27. Nower, L., & Blaszczynski, A. (2004). The pathways model as harm minimization for youth gamblers in educational settings. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 21, 25–45.Google Scholar
  28. Turner, N. E., Macdonald, J., & Somerset, M. (2008). Life skills, mathematical reasoning, and critical thinking: A curriculum for the prevention of problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 367–380.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. University of Toronto. (n.d.). YouthBet.net. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://www.youthbet.net
  30. Wallisch, L. (1996). Gambling in Texas: 1995 Surveys of adults and adolescent gambling behavior. Austin, TX: Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  31. Wardman, D., el-Guebaly, N., & Hodgins, D. (2001). Problem and pathological gambling in North American Aboriginal populations: A review of the empirical literature. Journal of Gambling Studies, 17, 81–100.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Welte, J., Barnes, G., Tidwell, M., & Hoffman, J. (2008). The prevalence of problem gambling among U.S. adolescents and young adults: Results from a national survey. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24(2), 119–133.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Westphal, J., Rush, J., Stevens, L., Horswell, R., & Johnson, L. J. (1998). Final report: Statewide baseline survey pathological gambling and substance abuse Louisiana adolescents (6th – 12th grades school year 96–97). Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  34. Winters, K., Stinchfield, R. D., & Fulkerson, J. (1993). Toward the development of an adolescent gambling problem severity scale. Journal of Gambling Studies, 9, 63–84.Google Scholar
  35. Zitzow, D. (1996). Comparative study of problematic gambling behaviors between American Indian and non-Indian adults in a northern plains reservation. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 7, 27–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CERCA Consulting, LLC and Behavioral Science Research InstituteMiami BeachUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations