Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Definition of the Subject
The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) is vehicle that has the capability of accepting part of its propulsion energy from the electric utility grid. However, like the conventional hybrid electric vehicles, it also draws part of its traction energy from its fuel tank. This will afford the plug-in hybrids dual fuel flexibility, electric charge, and fossil fuel. Depending on the design of the vehicle drive train and its operation, the plug-in hybrid vehicle can behave as pure electric, pure engine, or hybrid vehicle.
It is now well recognized that the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is much more efficient and cleaner than the vehicle powered by gasoline and diesel engine alone . The HEV also has high vehicle performance and more user acceptability than pure battery powered electric vehicle (EV) . However, all of the HEV still comes from burning fossil fuel, gasoline, or diesel. On the other hand, the EV has curtain advantages over HEV,...
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