Sustainable Food Production

2013 Edition
| Editors: Paul Christou, Roxana Savin, Barry A. Costa-Pierce, Ignacy Misztal, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw

Animal Breeding Methods and Sustainability

  • Agustin BlascoEmail author
Reference work entry

Definition of the Subject

After domestication, animals were selected in different environments and for different traits leading to the modern breeds. Long before the appearance of the science called now as “Genetics,” animal breeding had been practiced by humans following intuitive criteria, less efficient than the scientific ones, but criteria that had provided success along many generations of selection [1]. The lack of a theory explaining inheritance slowed down animal breeding for many years, but with the rediscovery of Mendel’s rules at the beginning of the twentieth century and the development of quantitative genetics in the 1920s and 1930s animal breeding had the tools needed for its development. Animal breeding methods were developed in the 1930s and 1940s, and the first animal breeding companies and cooperatives started in using scientific methods for animal selection [2]. The development of artificial insemination in cattle in the 1940s and frozen semen in the 1950s...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Animal Science and TechnologyUniversidad Politécnica de ValenciaValenciaSpain