Sustainable Food Production

2013 Edition
| Editors: Paul Christou, Roxana Savin, Barry A. Costa-Pierce, Ignacy Misztal, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw

Aquapod Systems for Sustainable Ocean Aquaculture

  • Stephen H. Page
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5797-8_187

Definition of the Subject

Open ocean aquaculture is not well defined by the industry, but in general refers to culture of marine fish, invertebrates, or algae in exposed ocean locations. Open ocean aquaculture is contrasted to near-shore marine aquaculture in that it occurs in areas removed spatially from land, typically by 1 km or more; deep water, generally deeper than 20 m; and exposure to wind, waves, and ocean currents without shelter from the mainland or islands. The subject of this entry is principally the design and engineering of containment systems suited for open ocean aquaculture.

Introduction

Near-shore finfish aquaculture worldwide is challenged and constrained by resource user competition, environmental carrying capacity of near-shore environments, and, in most cold-water regions of the world essentially a monoculture of Atlantic salmon. Expansion of marine aquaculture in the next 20 years will happen substantially in offshore, exposed open ocean areas, with a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    DeCew J, Page S, Turmelle CA, Irish J (2006) Interior current reduction of the AquapodTM cage. In: OCEANS 2006, OCEANS’06MTS/IEEE, BostonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Caccese V (2006) Structural testing of various configurations for the aquapod net pen. Report No. C2004-018-001. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maine, Maine, 38 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gillett R (2003) Aspects of sea safety in the fisheries of pacific island countries. FAO, Rome, 12Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Swick RA (2001) Feed based tilapia culture. Technical Bulletin AQ49-2001, American Soybean AssociationGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McMaster MF, Kloth TC, Coburn JF (2003) Prospects for commercial pompano mariculture. Aquaculture America 2003Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    McCoy (1991) NIOSH Second Conference on International Fishing Industry Safety and Health 1991Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ocean Farm Technologies, Inc.MorrillUSA