Sustainable Food Production

2013 Edition
| Editors: Paul Christou, Roxana Savin, Barry A. Costa-Pierce, Ignacy Misztal, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw

Aquaculture, Sustainability Science in

  • Barry A. Costa-PierceEmail author
  • Glenn G. Page
Reference work entry


There is no one definition of “sustainability ” as the concept applies to aquaculture. Most aquaculture scientists define sustainability as synonymous with “environmental sustainability .” Sustainable aquaculture is however a concept broader than determinations of site-specific environmental impacts since it embodies a scientific knowledge of systematic impacts of aquaculture off-site, and impacts to combined human-environmental systems. Sustainable aquaculture incorporates the concepts of “stewardship,” “design with nature,” the “precautionary principle,” “risk analysis,” and “carrying capacity.” Sustainability science in aquaculture is used to undertake more comprehensive planning for multiple impacts on multiple time and spatial scales to better understand and plan for the consequences of aquaculture development options.


“The changes taking place [on planet Earth] are, in fact, changes in the human-nature relationship. They are recent, they are profound, and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of New EnglandMarine Science CenterBiddefordUSA
  2. 2.SustainaMetrix, LLCJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA