Sustainable Food Production

2013 Edition
| Editors: Paul Christou, Roxana Savin, Barry A. Costa-Pierce, Ignacy Misztal, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw

Biomass Crops for Biofuels and Bio-based Products

  • Elizabeth E. Hood
  • Keat (Thomas) Teoh
  • Shivakumar P. Devaiah
  • Deborah Vicuna Requesens
Reference work entry

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Humans currently consume at least 25% more raw materials every year than are replaced through biological growth [150]. In order to sustain quality of life and have adequate environmental resources, those resources must be balanced and renewable. Pressure on those resources has never been greater with the world population nearing seven billion people, and estimated to plateau at 10.5 billion by 2050. That number represents 35–40% more people than currently inhabit the earth.

Sustainable, renewable resources are those derived from biological sources, primarily plant biomass . The underlying principal is that the materials can be reproduced with minimal inputs using energy from the sun. Biomass is thus derived directly or indirectly from original sources that grow and reproduce biologically.

Biomass for biofuels and bio-based products can include many sources of material. In general, biomass includes any biological materials whether of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth E. Hood
    • 1
  • Keat (Thomas) Teoh
    • 2
  • Shivakumar P. Devaiah
    • 2
  • Deborah Vicuna Requesens
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Agriculture and TechnologyArkansas State University, AR Biosciences InstituteJonesboroUSA
  2. 2.Arkansas Biosciences InstituteArkansas State UniversityJonesboroUSA