Sustainable Food Production

2013 Edition
| Editors: Paul Christou, Roxana Savin, Barry A. Costa-Pierce, Ignacy Misztal, C. Bruce A. Whitelaw

Agronomic Interactions with CO2 Sequestration

  • Rattan Lal
Reference work entry

Definition of the Subject

Atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) can be stabilized, if not reduced, by reducing anthropogenic emissions, sequestering emissions, or both. Emission reduction implies identifying and using no-carbon (C) or low-C energy sources such as alternatives to fossil fuel including wind, solar, hydro, geo-thermal, biofuels, etc. Reductions in gaseous emissions can also be achieved by enhancing the energy use efficiency. In agronomic systems, involving practices to raise crops and livestock, enhancing energy efficiency implies a range of practices which increase agricultural productivity per unit input of energy-based resources (i.e., fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation). Another strategy is elimination or reduction in frequency and intensity of tillage operations and converting plow-based tillage to no-till farming or conservation agriculture. Use of solar and wind energy for grain drying, water pumping, and heating buildings can also reduce...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Lal R (1999) Soil management and restoration for C sequestration to mitigate the greenhouse effect. Prog Env Sci 1:307–326Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lal R (2004) Carbon emissions from farm operations. Environ Int 30:981–990PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daily GC (1997) Nature’s services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems. Island Press, Washington DC, 392 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    MEA (2005) Ecosystems and human wellbeing: synthesis, Millennium ecosystem assessment. Island Press, Washington, DC, 155 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aune JB, Lal R (1997) Agricultural limits in the tropics and critical limits of properties of Oxisols, Ultisols and Alfisols. Trop Agric (Trinadad) 74:96–103Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lal R (2010) Beyond Copenhagen: mitigating climate change and achieving food security through soil carbon sequestration. Food Security 2(2):169–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lal R (2010) Enhancing eco-efficiency in agroecosystems through soil C sequestration. Crop Sci 50:S120–S131CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OARDC/FAES Kottman HallCarbon Management and Sequestration Center, The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA