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Ecoterrorism

Synonyms

Environmental extremism; Radical environmentalism

Overview

The radical environmental and animal rights movement in the United States has received a considerable amount of attention from federal law enforcement since September 11 and the subsequent “war on terror.” In his 2002 testimony before the House Subcommittee on Forests and Forest Health, James F. Jarboe, the Domestic Terrorism Section Chief of the FBI, maintained that this movement was responsible for over 600 criminal acts. In 2006, FBI Director Robert S. Mueller stated that those motivated by a radical environmental and animal rights ideology continued to pose a threat. A survey conducted by Freilich, Chermak, and Simone (2009) found that 60 % of state police agencies in the United States reported that these groups represented a substantial hazard to the safety of their citizens, a threat that was only second to that of al-Qaeda and its affiliates.

Despite tending to be much more cautionary, scholars do acknowledge...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Correspondence to Jennifer Varriale Carson .

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Carson, J.V. (2014). Ecoterrorism. In: Bruinsma, G., Weisburd, D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_96

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