Skip to main content

Situational Approaches to Terrorism

Overview

The situational approach to terrorism evolved from situational crime prevention, a well-established evidence-based approach to preventing and reducing crime. It argues that terrorists make choices that are limited by their perception of the opportunities afforded to them to carry out their mission. The situational approach explains how terrorists carry out their missions in contrast to whythey do so. There are four pillars of terrorist opportunity: targets, weapons, availability of tools for doing attacks, and local conditions that facilitate terrorist operations. By manipulating these opportunities, interventions are directed at increasing the effort of mounting an attack, increasing the risk of carrying out an attack, reducing the rewards of attacks, reducing provocations to terrorists, and removing excuses terrorists use to justify their attacks. Because the situational approach focuses primarily on prevention, it places great emphasis on planning, which makes it a...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_95
  • Chapter length: 12 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   4,350.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4614-5690-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   5,499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Recommended Reading and References

  • Bullock K, Clarke RV, Tilley N (eds) (2010) Situational prevention of organized crimes. Willan/Taylor and Francis, Abingdon

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarke RV, Mayhew PM (1988) Crime as opportunity: a note on domestic gas suicide in Britain and the Netherlands. Br J Criminol 29:35–46, 1989

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarke RV, Newman GR (2006) Outsmarting the terrorists. Praeger Security International, Westport/London

    Google Scholar 

  • Cornish DV, Clarke RV (eds) (1986) The reasoning criminal. Springer, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Freilich JD, Newman GR (eds) (2009) Reducing terrorism through situational crime prevention, vol 25, Crime prevention studies. Criminal Justice Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Guerette RT, Bowers KJ (2010) Assessing the extent of crime displacement and diffusion of benefits: a review of situational crime prevention evaluations. Criminology 48(1):1331–1368

    Google Scholar 

  • Hsu H (2011) Unstoppable? A closer look at terrorism displacement. Doctoral dissertation, University at Albany

    Google Scholar 

  • Jones SG, Libicki MC (2008) How terrorist groups end: lessons for countering Al Qa’ida. RAND, Santa Monica

    Google Scholar 

  • Makarenko T (2004) The crime-terror continuum: tracing the interplay between transnational organised crime and terrorism. Global Crime 6(1):129–145

    Google Scholar 

  • Naqvi H (2012) Situational crime prevention applied to ricin and bioterrorism. In: Freilich JD, Shoham SG (eds) Special issue on policing terrorism around the globe. Israel studies in criminology, vol 11 (in press)

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman GR, Clarke RV (2008) Policing terrorism: an executive’s guide. USDOJ, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Rapoport D (1988) Inside terrorist organizations. Columbia University Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Rollins J, Wyler L (2010) International terrorism and transnational crime. Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC, pp 1–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Stohl M (2008) Networks, terrorists and criminals: the implications for community policing. Crime Law Soc Change 50(1–2):59

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Graeme R. Newman .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Newman, G.R. (2014). Situational Approaches to Terrorism. In: Bruinsma, G., Weisburd, D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_95

Download citation