Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

White Collar Crime

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_693

Synonyms

Overview

White collar crime has progressed since Edwin Sutherland introduced the term in 1939; his goal was to bring attention to the more affluent criminal element, which was often overlooked in traditional criminological theory. Since its introduction, white-collar crime has become a debated issue in criminological theory. One source of debate is over the definition of white-collar crime. Several studies were published during the 1940s, addressing white-collar crime at the individual and organizational levels. After a hiatus during the 1950s and 1960s, scholarship in this area was revisited using a new definition based on the offense rather than the offender, as had been used in the past. Redefining white-collar crime in this way led to a division in its fields of study; Clinard and Quinney (1973) identified the two fields as corporate crime and occupational crime. Despite the division, the debate is far from resolved. Unresolved issues include crime types...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Texas at DallasRichardsonUSA