Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Intervention and Prevention in China

  • Bill HebentonEmail author
  • Susyan Jou
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_592


The key elements of the overall approach to prevention and intervention on crime in contemporary China are outlined in Fig.  1. The approach is best understood as state-initiated comprehensive management or governance of social order. Developed in the new era of economic liberalization and reform, the policy of comprehensive governance was first promulgated in 1981 as a key organizational tool for crime control but only legislated for in 1991 (Situ and Liu 1996a). The approach emphasizes prevention, education, and punishment of offenders through coordination and cooperation between political, legal, educational, cultural, economic, and social bodies yet sits in an integrated manner alongside “strike-hard” campaigns by police against more serious and organized crime (Jiang and Dai 1990; Situ and Liu 1996a; Zhong 2008). While the development, nature, and dynamic interplay between these elements can only be fully explicated through detailed sociohistorical analysis, this entry...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Recommended Reading and References

  1. Bakken B (2000) The exemplary society: human improvement, social control, and the dangers of modernity in china. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowles R, Akpokodje J, Tigere E (2005) Evidence-based approaches to crime prevention in developing countries. Eur J Crim Pol Res 11:347–377Google Scholar
  3. Chen X (2004) Social and legal control in China: a comparative perspective. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 48:523–536Google Scholar
  4. Chen Y-L (2012) A political and economic analysis of the strike hard policy. Develop Law Soc 104:87–95 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Dutton M (2005) Policing Chinese politics. Duke University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Ekblom P, Pease K (1995) Evaluating crime prevention. In: Tonry M, Farrington D (eds) Building a safer society: strategic approaches to crime prevention. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  7. Garland D (2001) The culture of control: crime and social order in contemporary society. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Hong D (2011) Research on changes to the mediation system in contemporary China. Shanghai People’s Press, Shanghai (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Jiang B, Dai Y (1990) Mobilizing all possible social forces to strengthen public security – a must for crime control. Police Stud 13:1–9Google Scholar
  10. Liang B (2005) Severe strike campaign in transitional China. J Crim Just 33:387–399Google Scholar
  11. Liang B (2008) The changing Chinese legal system, 1978-present. Routledge, New York/London.Google Scholar
  12. Liang B, Lu H (2006) Conducting fieldwork in China: observations on collecting primary data regarding crime, law, and the criminal justice system. J Cont Crim Just 22:157–172Google Scholar
  13. Liang B, Wilson C (2008) A critical review of past studies on China’s corrections and recidivism. Crim Law Soc Change 50:245–262Google Scholar
  14. Liu J (2005) Crime patterns during the market transition in China. Brit J Criminol 45:613–633Google Scholar
  15. Mao Z (1967/2010) Collected writings of Chairman Mao, volume 3 – on policy, practice and contradiction. El Paso Norte Press, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  16. Muhlhahn K (2009) Criminal justice in China: a history. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  17. Ren X (1997) Tradition of the law and law of the tradition. Greenwood, WestportGoogle Scholar
  18. Selden M (1971) The Yenan way in revolutionary China. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Situ Y, Liu W (1996a) Comprehensive treatment to social order: a Chinese approach against crime. Int J Comp Appl Crim Just 20:95–115Google Scholar
  20. Situ Y, Liu W (1996b) Restoring the neighborhood, fighting against crime: a case study in Guangzhou city, People’s republic of China. Int Crim Just Rev 6:89–102Google Scholar
  21. Trevaskes S (2007a) Swift and severe justice in China. Brit J Criminol 47:23–41Google Scholar
  22. Trevaskes S (2007b) Courts and criminal justice in China. Lexington Press, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  23. Trevaskes S (2007c) The public/private security nexus in China. Soc Justice 34:38–55Google Scholar
  24. Trevaskes S (2008) The war against organised crime and drug crime in china. Regional Outlook Paper No.15. Griffith Asia Institute, Brisbane, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  25. Trevaskes S (2010) The shifting sands of punishment in the era of ‘harmonious society’. Law Policy 32:332–361Google Scholar
  26. Wang ZF (1989) (ed) Theory and practice of comprehensive management of public order in China. Masses Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Welsh B, Hoshi A (2002) Communities and crime prevention. In: Sherman L, Farrington DP, Welsh BC, MacKenzie DL (eds) Evidence-based crime prevention. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  28. Wilson AM, Greenblatt SL, Wilson RW (eds) (1977) Deviance and social control in Chinese society. Praeger, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Yang YM (2010) Analyzing the fourth wave of the strike hard policy. Gov Leg Syst 36:22–23 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Zhang L, Messner SF, Liu J (2007a) A multilevel analysis of the risk of household burglary in the city of Tianjin, China. Brit J Criminol 47:918–937Google Scholar
  31. Zhang L, Messner S, Liu J (2007b) Criminological research in contemporary China: challenges and lessons learned from a large-scale criminal victimization survey. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 51:110–121Google Scholar
  32. Zhao J (2005) Conflicts between advantages and disadvantages in restorative justice. Law 5:113–115 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Zhao R, Liu J (2011) A system’s approach to crime prevention: the case of Macao. Asian J Criminol 6:207–227Google Scholar
  34. Zhong L (2008) Communities, crime and social capital in contemporary China. Willan, CullomptonGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhuo Y (2012) Social capital and satisfaction with crime control in urban China. Asian J Criminol 7:121–136Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice, School of LawUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.Graduate School of CriminologyNational Taipei UniversityTaipeiTaiwan