Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Intervention and Prevention in China

  • Bill Hebenton
  • Susyan Jou
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_592

Overview

The key elements of the overall approach to prevention and intervention on crime in contemporary China are outlined in Fig.  1. The approach is best understood as state-initiated comprehensive management or governance of social order. Developed in the new era of economic liberalization and reform, the policy of comprehensive governance was first promulgated in 1981 as a key organizational tool for crime control but only legislated for in 1991 (Situ and Liu 1996a). The approach emphasizes prevention, education, and punishment of offenders through coordination and cooperation between political, legal, educational, cultural, economic, and social bodies yet sits in an integrated manner alongside “strike-hard” campaigns by police against more serious and organized crime (Jiang and Dai 1990; Situ and Liu 1996a; Zhong 2008). While the development, nature, and dynamic interplay between these elements can only be fully explicated through detailed sociohistorical analysis, this entry...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice, School of LawUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.Graduate School of CriminologyNational Taipei UniversityTaipeiTaiwan