Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Neurology and Neurochemistry of Crime

  • John Paul Wright
  • Jamie Newsome
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_58

Synonyms

Overview

Modern neuroscience has made significant and sometimes dramatic gains into understanding how the brain and central nervous system are implicated in a range of problematic, criminal, and addictive behaviors. Indeed, the growth of modern neuroscientific findings can only be described as explosive, with new discoveries being published almost daily. These findings are often produced by highly advanced technologies – technologies that, at a broad level, allow scientists to view the brain in action and under experimental conditions. This same technology also now allows scientists to directly measure brain cell activity and the strength and integrity of connections between brain cells. Never before in human history have scientists had these tools at their disposal.

Criminologists, once primarily wedded to sociological explanations of crime, are beginning to incorporate many of these findings into their understanding of the...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.King Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Criminal JusticeThe University of Texas at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA