Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

International Sentencing

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_577

Introduction

International crimes, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, are manifestations of large-scale and serious violations of human rights that have been defined as the most serious crimes of international concern. As noted by Mettraux it would be hard to identify crimes more difficult to sentence than international crimes (Mettraux 2005). This is not only due to the atrocious nature of international crimes but also due to their collective, systematic character, often involving state authorities and a huge number of perpetrators. In the last decade a number of international institutions have been established to prosecute and sentence perpetrators of international crimes. Compared to national criminal law systems, there is no “international criminal code” to govern the functioning of these courts. Each tribunal has its own statute outlining in general terms its jurisdiction, and the various tribunals exercise their mandates rather independently with no...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CriminologyVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands