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Early Release from Prison

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Synonyms

Conditional release, Parole

Overview

Since the beginning of the history of prisons, early release and parole have been a major issue of concern. While at first being in the hands of the king or other sovereigns, in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries early release and parole evolved into a judicial measure. The aim of early release has always been to improve the chances of rehabilitation. The idea of granting a favor was replaced by the idea of an evidence-based form of rehabilitation. The traditional mode of early release in the Anglo-Saxon world is parole after a (relatively) indeterminate prison sentence, while in the continental European world conditional or unconditional early release is provided after a specific part of the (determinate) sentence has been served (regularly two thirds or half). Both forms are optionally or often mandatorily linked to supervision by the probation service or similar services. Since the early nineteenth century, the voluntary...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_571
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Correspondence to Frieder Dünkel .

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Dünkel, F. (2014). Early Release from Prison. In: Bruinsma, G., Weisburd, D. (eds) Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_571

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