Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Multisite Trials in Criminal Justice Settings

  • Faye S. Taxman
  • Anne Giurianna Rhodes
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_55

Synonyms

Overview

This entry describes the issues associated with conducting multisite trials in criminal justice settings, including how to determine the interventions to be tested, the selection of control groups, and the potential threats to internal validity of the trial, and gives two real-world examples of trials conducted and how they were managed and analyzed.

Introduction

Researchers conducting an experiment must decide on the type of design and the number of sites to include. The latter decision is one that receives little attention. As previously argued by Weisburd and Taxman (2000), multicenter trials have many advantages, including the opportunity to test a new protocol or innovation within various settings. Single-site trials provide a starting point to test out the feasibility of a new innovation, but multisite trials have a clear advantage in testing the innovation under varied conditions. The multisite trial may...

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This entry was funded in part under a cooperative agreement from the US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA) to George Mason University (Grant U01 DA016213-01, Action Research to Advance Drug Treatment in the CJS). The funding for this cooperative agreement was supplemented by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. The authors acknowledge the collaborative contributions by federal staff from NIDA and the other nine research center grantees of the NIH/NIDA CJDATS Cooperative. The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NIH/NIDA or other participants in CJDATS.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Criminology, Law and SocietyGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.Department of Criminology, Law and SocietyGeorge Mason UniversityRichmondUSA