Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Women Police

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_459

Overview

Women entered policing in a number of countries, including the United States, at the end of the nineteenth century and in the early twentieth century as educated specialists to assist male police officers in their interactions with women and juvenile offenders and victims. Their entry into municipal policing was part of a movement of women out of the home and into charitable work that had a few years earlier led reformist women into jails and prisons.

Women’s official presence in policing in the United States is often recognized with the granting of enforcement authority to social worker Lola Baldwin by the Portland, Oregon, Police Department in 1905 to protect women and girls from the expected crowds of rowdy men at the Lewis and Clark Exposition (a type of world’s fair) and the department’s decision in 1908 to create a Department of Public Safety for the Protection of Young Girls and Women with Baldwin as director. Due to the localized nature of law enforcement in the United...

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Recommended Reading and References

  1. Alderman BJ (2007) The secret life of the lawman’s wife. Praeger, WestportGoogle Scholar
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  18. Schulz DM (1995) From social worker to crime fighter: women in United States municipal policing. Praeger, WestportGoogle Scholar
  19. Schulz DM (2004) Breaking the brass ceiling: women police chiefs and their paths to the top. Praeger, WestportGoogle Scholar
  20. Schulz DM (2005) Women in federal agency law enforcement. In: Sullivan LE, Schulz DM (eds) Encyclopedia of law enforcement. Sage Reference, Thousand Oaks, pp 908–911, vol. 2Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA