Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

New Penology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_313

Overview

The new penology is a perspective that plots the rise of actuarial justice in understandings of crime and criminal justice. This model views crime as now normal and no longer a site for social reformation. Instead, the best that can be expected is the control of crime through techniques based upon technology and statistical calculations that enhance the identification and management of “high-risk,” “dangerous,” or unruly groups. This approach marks the rise of technocratic forms of knowledge no longer concerned with the rehabilitation or transformation of individual offenders but rather with the production of aggregate categories and classification schemes that locate and track actual and potential offenders. Mass incarceration and the warehousing of offenders become primary ways of managing risk in criminal justice simply by removing potentially dangerous individuals from society for long periods of time. This logic is argued to be a major influence on criminal justice...

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Recommended Reading and References

  1. Cheliotis L (2009) How iron is the iron cage of new penology? the role of human agency in the implementation of criminal justice policy. Punishm Soc 8(3):313–340Google Scholar
  2. Cherney A (2002) Beyond technicism: broadening the ‘What Works’ paradigm in crime prevention. Crime Prev Commun Saf Int J 3(4):49–59Google Scholar
  3. Feeley M, Simon J (1992) The new penology: notes on the emerging strategy of corrections and its implications. Criminology 30(4):449–474Google Scholar
  4. Feeley M, Simon J (1998) Actuarial justice: the emerging new criminal law. In: Pat O’M (ed) Crime and the risk society. Ashgate, BrookfieldGoogle Scholar
  5. Garland D (1996) The limits of the Sovereign State: strategies of crime control in contemporary society. Br J Criminol 36(4):445–471Google Scholar
  6. Garland D (2001) The culture of control. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (Check)Google Scholar
  7. Kempf-Leonard K, Peterson ESL (2000) Expanding realms of the new penology. Punishm Soc 2(1):66–97Google Scholar
  8. Lynch M (1998) Waste managers? The new penology, crime fighting, and parole agent identity. Law Soc Rev 32(4):839–869Google Scholar
  9. Rose N (2002) At risk of madness. In: Simon J, Baker T (eds) Embracing risk: the changing culture of insurance and responsibility. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 209–237Google Scholar
  10. Simon J (1988) The ideological effects of actuarial practices. Law Soc Rev 22(4):771–800Google Scholar
  11. Simon J (1993) Poor discipline. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  12. Simon J (2007) Governing through crime. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA