Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

New Penology

  • Michelle Brown
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_313


The new penology is a perspective that plots the rise of actuarial justice in understandings of crime and criminal justice. This model views crime as now normal and no longer a site for social reformation. Instead, the best that can be expected is the control of crime through techniques based upon technology and statistical calculations that enhance the identification and management of “high-risk,” “dangerous,” or unruly groups. This approach marks the rise of technocratic forms of knowledge no longer concerned with the rehabilitation or transformation of individual offenders but rather with the production of aggregate categories and classification schemes that locate and track actual and potential offenders. Mass incarceration and the warehousing of offenders become primary ways of managing risk in criminal justice simply by removing potentially dangerous individuals from society for long periods of time. This logic is argued to be a major influence on criminal justice...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA