Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

National and Local Policing

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_290

Overview

This entry considers the differing structures of policing particularly those pertaining to the Anglo-American and European policing tradition. It argues that both national and local experience of policing should be viewed as reflecting the differing purposes of the police within which protecting the state has preeminence within national systems and where protection of the community takes precedence within local policing arrangements. It looks in detail at the experience of national police in France and contrasts this with the policing traditions that have characterized the development of local policing in both America and the United Kingdom.

Key Controversies

There has been an ongoing debate among both practitioner and academic commentators as to the advantages and drawbacks of two competing models of police organization. It is fair to say that until recently, the commitment to local policing was one that very much reflected the Anglo-American approach to devolved police...

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Recommended Reading and References

  1. Body-Gendrot S (2012) Globalisation, fear and insecurity: the challenges for cities north and south. Palgrave Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
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  17. The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society (1967) Report by the Presidents Commission on Law enforcement and Administration of Justice. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Criminal Justice StudiesUniversity of PortsmouthPortsmouthUK