Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

International Policy Transfer

  • Rob Canton
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_28

Synonyms

Overview

There is a long history of the international exchange of ideas, research findings, policies and practices in criminal justice. In recent years, there has been a marked increase in more deliberate and strategic activity to “learn lessons” from the achievements (and sometimes the failures) of other nations and to “import” policies and practices. This has become known as policy transfer, which has been defined as “the process by which knowledge of ideas, institutions, policies and programmes in one setting is fed into the policy-making arena in the development and change of policies and programmes in another setting” (Dolowitz et al. 2000, 9). Transfer can take different forms, including copying, emulation, or inspiration. A nexus of factors – economic, political, social, cultural, and organizational – will influence the character and outcome of transfer attempts, and the complexity of these interactions...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Community and Criminal Justice, Health and Life SciencesDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK