Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Neighborhood Effects and Social Networks

  • Brian Soller
  • Christopher R. Browning
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_241

Synonyms

Overview

Features of neighborhood social networks are central to many of the most prominent theories of crime. Empirical tests of a number of criminological theories underscore the importance of neighbor networks in both facilitating and deterring crime, both at the individual and community levels. However, most studies that focus on the link between neighborhoods and crime are limited by the use of “perceptual” and other proxy measures that aim to capture neighbor cohesion, social capital, and other social processes thought to mediate the association between neighborhood structural characteristics (e.g., concentrated disadvantage, residential instability) and offending. Exactly which features of neighborhood social organization are the most consequential for crime remains unknown due to the paucity of relational data that capture theoretically relevant features of actual neighborhood network...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA