Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

Near Repeats and Crime Forecasting

  • Shane D. Johnson
  • Kate J. Bowers
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_210


It has been recognized for some time that crime clusters at a range of spatial scales. It is also well established that offenses cluster in time such that crime occurrence is more likely at particular times of the day, week, month, or year. More recently, a growing body of evidence has started to accumulate that indicates that crime also clusters in time and space, such that when an event occurs at one location, there is a temporary elevation in the probability that other events will occur nearby. Where crimes occur at the exact same location, this is referred to as repeat victimization, and where they occur at nearby locations, near-repeat victimization. Finding that the risk of crime diffuses in space has implications for crime forecasting. However, this type of work is in its infancy and naturally, many questions remain unanswered. For example, there is something of a disconnect in methodological terms between those techniques that are used to detect crime patterns and...

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Recommended Reading and References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Security and Crime ScienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK