Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

2014 Edition
| Editors: Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd

International Responses to Victims in Criminal Justice

  • Matthew Hall
  • Joanna Shapland
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5690-2_130



In recent years, victims of crime have moved from the peripheries of both academic and policy discussions concerning criminal justice to become at least rhetorically “central” in modern criminal justice policies in many developed states (Hall 2010). This entry examines some of the newest territory into which victims and victimology are now moving, and, in so doing, it is argued that traditional criticisms espoused by victimologists, namely, that official recognition of victims often fails to account for victims’ own perspectives, remain extremely pertinent to this debate. In addition, this entry examines how the scope of “victimization” is expanding, with many commentators now adopting a “social harm” approach to the question of victimization rather than limiting themselves to restrictive, legalistic categories. Nevertheless, it is argued that the classification of such individuals...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK