Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo

Ethnocentrism

  • Carolyn Hibbs
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_96

Introduction

Ethnocentrism is the evaluation of individuals and cultures based on the perspectives, standards, and values of another cultural group. This evaluation relies on the assumption that one’s own racial or ethnic group is the most important, valuable, and superior. However, the term ethnocentrism may obscure implicit hierarchies within these perspectives, standards, and values; cultural evaluation relies largely on the perspectives of the dominant culture in a given situation, based on a hierarchical ordering of ethnic groups. Ethnocentrism may be seen as a subtle and often unacknowledged form of racism which operates on a continuum which includes explicit racism, and shadeism or pigmentocracy – hierarchies within racialized groups which value lighter skin tones more highly (Thiyagirajah, Han, McAdams, Rider, & Rodriguez, 2011) – but is also informed by the history of colonialism and globalization. Parallels may be made between the research on androcentrism and on...

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Online Resources

  1. Colorlines: News for action. http://www.colorlines.com/
  2. The crunk feminist collective. http://crunkfeministcollective.wordpress.com/
  3. Incite: Women of color against violence. http://www.incite-national.org/
  4. Microaggressions: Power, privilege, and everyday life. http://microaggressions.tumblr.com/
  5. Racialicious: The intersection of race and pop culture. http://www.racialicious.com/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities, York UniversityTorontoCanada