Educational Standardized Testing
This entry concerns standardized quantitative testing in educational systems. Testing is an extensive part of educational systems throughout the world. In standardized quantitative testing, tests are generally developed centrally and thereby in a context removed from everyday educational practice. Standardized quantitative testing in educational systems is often politically initiated, whether at the national, regional, or district level, and can be mandatory for all relevant educational institutions under this jurisdiction. In this entry, the field of testing will both be enlighten from its own logic and in the last part, testing will be discussed from a critical perspective which questions the assumptions that testing rests on.
Standardized educational testing is a specific type of assessment, traditionally termed summative assessment. Summative assessment sums up the learner’s achievement level, for example, upon completion of an educational program … and it...
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