Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo


  • Eric Stewart
  • Ariel D. Roy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_358


Almost as soon as it was born as foundational to modern politics, philosophy, and the human sciences, the subject was cast into crises of meaning. Contemporary social theory, particularly structuralism, has performed varieties of postmortem on the universal subject, challenging not only its stability, its unity, its totality, its individuality, and its interiority but the uses to which constitutions of the subject and subjectivity have been put. Yet the “death of the subject” has coincided with an intense proliferation of activity around invoking, animating, regulating, defining, fulfilling, finding, and acting upon the self and subjectivity. In politics, in work, in domestic arrangements, in consumption and marketing, in the arts and media, in medicine and health, in “lifestyle,” and in all of the diverse forms and applications of psychological technologies, human beings are acted upon, addressed, and incited to constitute ourselves as if we are selvesand selves of a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Althusser, L. (1971). Lenin and philosophy and other essays. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  2. Athanasiadou, A., Canakis, C., & Cornillie, B. (Eds.). (2006). Subjectification: Various paths to subjectivity. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  3. Buhrmann, A. D., & Ernst, S. (Eds.). (2010). Care or control of the self? Norbert Elias, Michel Foucault and the subject in the 21st century. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.Google Scholar
  4. Butler, J. (1997). The psychic life of power: Theories in subjection. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Cuyckens, H., Vandelenotte, L., & Davidse, K. (Eds.). (2010). Subjectification, intersubjectification, and grammaticalization. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  6. Deleuze, G. (1988). Foucault (S. Hand, Trans.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  7. Deleuze, G. (1990). The logic of sense (M. Lester & C. Stivale, Trans.). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Deleuze, G. & Guattari, F. (1988). A thousand plateaus (B. Massumi, Trans.). London: Athlone.Google Scholar
  9. Foucault, M. (1983). The subject and power. In H. Dreyfus & P. Rabinow (Eds.), Michel Foucault: Beyond structuralism and hermeneutics (2nd ed., pp. 208–226). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  10. Foucault, M. (1998). Foucault. In J. D. Faubion (Ed.), Aesthetics, method, and epistemology: Essential works of Foucault 1958–1984 (Vol. 2). New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  11. Foucault, M. (2005). The hermeneutics of the subject. Lectures at the College de France, 1981–1982 (G. Burchell, Trans.). New York: Picador.Google Scholar
  12. Foucault, M. (2008). The courage of truth: The government of self and others II. Lectures at the College de France, 1983–1984 (G. Burchell, Trans.). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.Google Scholar
  13. Guattari, F., & Zahm, O. (2011). On contemporary art. In E. Alliez & A. Goffey (Eds.), The Guattari effect (pp. 40–53). New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  14. Hegel, G. W. F. (1977). The phenomenology of the spirit (A. V. Miller, Trans.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Lacan, J. (1977). Ecrits: A selection (A. Sheridan, Trans.). New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  16. Merleau-Ponty, M. (1969). The visible and the invisible (A. Lingis, Trans.). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Rose, N. (1998). Inventing our selves: Psychology, power, and personhood. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Venn, C. (2000). Occidentalism: Modernity and subjectivity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Arts and SciencesUniversity of Washington BothellBothellUSA
  2. 2.Cultural StudiesUniversity of Washington BothellBothellUSA