Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Teo

Evolution, Overview

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5583-7_337

Introduction

At the time of writing, the phrase “the critical analysis of evolution” is associated with projects pursued by the Discovery Institute in the USA to promote the teaching of creationist science in schools. This entry has a different purpose, in that while it is the case that “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution” (Dobzhansky 1964, p. 449), there are still controversies among evolutionary scholars as to the exact particulars and applicability of evolutionary theory. These controversies are vitriolically dismissed by those who would regard themselves as the keepers of so-called neo-Darwinian orthodoxy. The dynamics of these disputes would make for a fascinating study in the sociology of science.

Definition

Contemporary evolutionary thought is rooted in the work of Charles Darwin (particularly 1859). Darwin’s theory is based on three propositions:
  • The potential of a population to expand is infinite, while the resources available to sustain any...

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Online Resources

  1. TalkOrigins Archive: Exploring the creation/evolution controversy. http://www.talkorigins.org/
  2. The complete work of Charles Darwin online. http://darwin-online.org.uk/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand