Skip to main content


  • Reference work entry
Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology


The concept of interobjectivity has been introduced and developed in the social sciences to account for the nonconscious engagement in the course of social interaction that occurs within a social field that is phenomenally objective for subjects and that includes interactions with objects. The concept relies on a phenomenological distinction between things in themselves and things as perceived and experienced by human subjects that is contingent on cultural objectifications and social practices. From this phenomenological point of view, the distinction between subjectivity and objectivity is a false one.

A phenomenological claim is that in our everyday engagement in social practice, other people do not appear to us as having subjective perceptions that differ from our own (cultural researchers would dispute this claim). Human subjects appear to us as oriented to the properties and processes of things in the same way as these appear to ourselves, as objective facts. Human...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Institutional subscriptions


  • Asch, S. E. (1987). Social psychology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (Original work published 1952).

    Google Scholar 

  • Daanen, P., & Sammut, G. (2012). G.H. Mead and knowing how to act: Practical meaning, routine interaction and the theory of interobjectivity. Theory and Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0959354311409794.

    Google Scholar 

  • Latour, B. (1996). On interobjectivity. Mind, Culture, and Activity: An International Journal, 3, 228–245.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hall, E. T. (1976). Beyond culture. New York, NY: Doubleday.

    Google Scholar 

  • Moghaddam, F. M. (2003). Interobjectivity and culture. Culture & Psychology, 9, 221–232.

    Google Scholar 

  • Moghaddam, F. M. (2010). Commentary: Intersubjectivity, interobjectivity, and the embryonic fallacy in developmental science. Culture & Psychology, 16(4), 465–475.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sammut, G., Daanen, P., & Moghaddam, F. M. (2013). Understanding the self and others: Explorations in intersubjectivity and interobjectivity. London, England: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sammut, G., Daanen, P., & Sartawi, M. (2010). Interobjectivity: Representations and artefacts in cultural psychology. Culture & Psychology, 16(4), 451–463.

    Google Scholar 

Online Resources

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gordon Sammut .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

About this entry

Cite this entry

Sammut, G., Moghaddam, F. (2014). Interobjectivity. In: Teo, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology. Springer, New York, NY.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4614-5582-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4614-5583-7

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Behavioral Sciences

Publish with us

Policies and ethics