Since 9/11, discourses of terrorist threat and national security have fueled expansions in global surveillance funding and technologies while promoting cultures of suspicion. Law and border enforcement practices in many countries are being critiqued for disregarding civil liberties and human rights in their discriminatory treatment of overlapping groups of Muslims, Arabs, South Asians, and immigrants. At a societal level, these processes are “breaking down boundaries between the inside and outside, (casting) the homeland in a state of constant emergency from threats within and without” (Kaplan, 2003). New attention to terrorism reinforces old ideologies of criminal threat, providing further warrant for preemptive criminal profiling. At an individual and community level, surveillance poses a range of everyday psychological and material challenges to targeted groups who must manage their identities and their safety.
Broad studies of police and border surveillance have not...
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