PDD Behavior Inventories: Clinical and Research Applications to ASD

Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter describes the PDD Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) and PDD Behavior Inventory-Screening Version (PDDBI-SV) which are relatively new informant-based rating scales useful clinically and for research studies. The information gathered from the PDDBI is unique in that it provides dimensional assessment of both problem behaviors and adaptive skills. Further, the scores that are derived are standardized on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and take age into account. This enables the clinician or researcher to ascertain, for an individual case, whether scores are typical or atypically low or high for a child with ASD thereby facilitating identification of possible comorbid problems. The clinical applicability of the PDDBI and the importance of the behavior profiles revealed by this assessment instrument are described first using four case vignettes. This is followed by description of the role of the PDDBI in research using, as an example, a study which identified clinical subtypes of boys with ASD based on their and their mother’s monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) genotype. Finally, the new PDDBI-SV, a rapid screening tool for ASD which was published in 2011, is described along with issues involved in screening rare disorders. It was concluded that the PDDBI and PDDBI-SV are assessment tools that provide important information not usually found with other measures.

Keywords

Depression Serotonin Triad Monoamine Cote 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyNYS Institute for Basic Research in Developmental DisabilitiesStaten IslandUSA

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