Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Creativity in Research

  • Kevin Byron
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_9

What is Research?

Research is a form of enquiry that aims to find answers to questions that would fill a gap in an existing knowledge base, resolve anomalies in that knowledge base, or add to the existing stock of the knowledge base. Here the knowledge refers to any subject or discipline or combination thereof.

Depending on the stage of the research enquiry, different types of questions are asked, and answers sought through different actions. Some of these questions require a greater emphasis on the critical appraisal of existing knowledge and observations, and data. Many other questions are speculative and open ended, requiring a more creative approach to address them. All stages however require some measure of both types of thinking (see Appendix 1: Creative Behavior).

The various stages in the research cycle are shown schematically in Fig. 1 below (Harwood et al. 2004). This is based on the views of a number of scientists who were asked how they thought research is conducted. This...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queen Mary, University of LondonLondonUK