Creativity, Intelligence, and Culture
Before discussing how creativity and intelligence are impacted by culture, the basic question of how the two constructs are related must be addressed. Sternberg and O’Hara (1999) argued for five possible relationships: Creativity could be a subset of intelligence; intelligence could be a subset of creativity; or the constructs of creativity and intelligence could be overlapping, coincident, or simply disjointed.
Creativity and Intelligence
Most work, however, assumes a connection; as Plucker and Renzulli (1999) concluded, the key question is not whether but howthe two are related. Although creativity and intelligence are clearly related, the exact nature of this relationship is still being explored by research. Scholars have generally found that paper-and-pencil measures of creativity (such as divergent thinking tests) are significantly associated with psychometric measures of intelligence. Traditional wisdom has argued for a “threshold effect,” in which creative potential and...
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