Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Identifying and Assessing Creativity

  • Robina ShaheenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_353

This chapter discusses the methods for identifying and assessing children’s creativity and outlines the various behaviors found in the classroom as well as reported findings from existing creativity research on the most and least valued student traits by teachers. This is followed by a section on assessing creativity and includes the need for creativity assessment, as outlined in the educational policy documents of various countries as well as general literature, and the various assessment instruments which are in use. Following this are the findings from a large-scale mixed-methods study, conducted in Pakistan, which looks at the teachers’ views on ways to assess primary school children’s creativity as well as policy provisions for this and primary school children’s performance on the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT).

Identifying Creativity

Some of the behaviors which are said to be found in the classroom when children are being creative include those outlined by the UK...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Afolabi M, Dionne S, Lewis III H. Are we there yet? A review of creativity methodologies. 2006. www.cs.cornell.edu/Conferences/ASEE2006/ASEE%20Papers/Session%204/ASEE%20Final%20vs%203_Afolabi.pdf. Accessed 24 Aug 2009.Google Scholar
  2. ALRSG. A systematic review of the impact on students and teachers of the use of ICT for assessment of creative and critical thinking skills. London: EPPI-Centre; 2003.Google Scholar
  3. Aly J. Education in Pakistan: a white paper document to debate and finalize the national education policy. Pakistan: Government of Pakistan; 2006.Google Scholar
  4. Aly J. Education in Pakistan: a white paper, revised document to debate and finalize the national education policy. Pakistan: Government of Pakistan; 2007.Google Scholar
  5. Auh M. Assessing creativity in composing music: Product-process-person-environment approaches. 2009. www.aare.edu.au/00pap/auh00016.htm. Accessed 23 Dec 2009.
  6. Cartier F. Notes, quotes, and anecdotes. Mens Res J 46. 2001;32(1):6–14.Google Scholar
  7. Compton A, Nahmad-Williams L. Searching for creativity in initial teacher education assessments. Manchester: BERA Conference; 2009.Google Scholar
  8. Diakidoy NA, Kanari E. Student teachers’ beliefs about creativity. Br Educ Res J. 1999;25(2):225–44.Google Scholar
  9. Feldman D, Benjamin A. Creativity and education: an American retrospective. Camb J Educ. 2006;36(3):319–36.Google Scholar
  10. Fishkin A, Johnson A. Who is creative? Identifying children’s creative abilities. Roeper Rev. 1998;21(1):40–7.Google Scholar
  11. Foster J. Creativity and the teacher. London: Macmillan; 1971.Google Scholar
  12. Fryer M, Collings J. Teachers’ views about creativity. Br J Educ Psychol. 1991;61(2):207–19.Google Scholar
  13. Government of Pakistan. National education policy 1998–2010. Islamabad: Ministry of Education; 1998.Google Scholar
  14. Hennessey B, Amabile T. Creativity and learning. Washington, DC: National Education Association Publication; 1993.Google Scholar
  15. Kim K. Can we trust creativity tests? A review of the Torrance tests of creative thinking (TTCT). Creat Res J. 2006;18(1):3–14.Google Scholar
  16. Loveless A. Literature review in creativity, new technologies and learning. Report 4, Futurelab Series. 2002. www.futurelab.org.uk/resaerch/lit_reviews.htm. Accessed 14 May 2009.
  17. McCann M. The creativity/IQ interface: Old answers and some new questions, undated. www.cpsimoes.net/artigos/art_creat_iq.html. Accessed 21 Jan 2009.
  18. Ministry of Education. National curriculum for English language, grades I-XII. Islamabad: Government of Pakistan; 2006a.Google Scholar
  19. Ministry of Education. National curriculum for general science, grades IV-VIII. Islamabad: Government of Pakistan; 2006b.Google Scholar
  20. Misra G, Srivastava A, Misra I. Culture and facets of creativity: the Indian experience. In: Kaufman J, Sternberg R, editors. The international handbook of creativity. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2006. p. 421–55.Google Scholar
  21. NACCCE. All our futures: Creativity, culture and education. 1999. www.cypni.org.uk/downloads/alloutfutures.pdf. Accessed 14 Dec 2009.
  22. Plucker J. The death of creativity measurement has been greatly exaggerated: current issues, recent advances and future directions in creativity assessment. Mensa Res J 46. 2001;32(1):15–24.Google Scholar
  23. QCDA. National curriculum. 2009. http://curriculum.qcda.gov.uk/key-stages-1-and-2/Values-aims-and-purposes/index.aspx. Accessed 26 Sept 2009.
  24. Rogers M, Fasciato M. Can creativity be Assessed? Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association annual conference; 2005 Sept 14–17, University of Glamorgan; 2005.Google Scholar
  25. Rudowicz E. Creativity and culture: a two way interaction. Scand J Educ Res. 2003;47(3):273–90.Google Scholar
  26. Scoffham S. Thinking creatively. Prim Geogr. 2003;50:4–6.Google Scholar
  27. Sen R, Sharma N. Teachers’ conception of creativity and it’s nurture in children: an Indian perspective. In: Fryer M, editor. Creativity and cultural diversity. Leeds: The Creativity Centre Educational Trust Press; 2004. p. 153–69.Google Scholar
  28. Shaheen R. An investigation into the factors enhancing or inhibiting primary school children’s creativity in Pakistan. UK: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing; 2011.Google Scholar
  29. Sharp C. Developing young children’s creativity through the arts: what does research have to offer? Paper presented to an invitation seminar; London: National Foundation for Educational Research; (2001).Google Scholar
  30. Sternberg R. The nature of creativity. Creat Res J. 2006;18(1):87–98.Google Scholar
  31. Stoycheva K. The school: a place for children’s creativity? Paper presented at the 5th ECHA Conference; Oct 19–22. Vienna, Austria; 1996.Google Scholar
  32. Taylor I. Retrospective view of creativity investigation. In: Taylor I, Getzels J, editors. Perspectives in creativity. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company; 1975. p. 1–36.Google Scholar
  33. Thorne K. Essential creativity in the classroom: inspiring kids. London: Routledge; 2007.Google Scholar
  34. Torrance E. Encouraging creativity in the classroom: issues and innovations in the classroom. Dubuque: W. C. Brown; 1970.Google Scholar
  35. Torrance E. The search for satori and creativity. Buffalo: The Creative Education Foundation; 1979.Google Scholar
  36. Torrance E. Torrance tests of creative thinking, norms-technical manual figural (streamlined) forms a & B. Bensenville: Scholastic Testing Service; 2008.Google Scholar
  37. Torrance E, Safter H. Making the creative leap beyond. Buffalo: Creative Education Foundation Press; 1999.Google Scholar
  38. Torrance E, Ball O, Safter H. Torrance tests of creative thinking: streamlined scoring guide for figural forms a and B. Bensenville: Scholastic Testing Service; 2008.Google Scholar
  39. Wechsler S. Validity of the Torrance tests of creative thinking to the Brazilian culture. Creat Res J. 2006;18(1):15–25.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Open UniversityMiltonUK