Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems: Quintuple Helix and Social Ecology

  • Elias G. CarayannisEmail author
  • David F. J. Campbell
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_310

Synonyms

Conceptual Point of Departure for Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems

Universities, or higher education institutions (HEIs) in more general, have three main functions: teaching and education, research (research and experimental development, R&D), and the so-called third mission activities, for example, innovation (Campbell and Carayannis 2013, p. 5). University research, in a traditional understanding, focuses on basic research, often framed within a matrix of academic disciplines, and without a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Brandenburger AM, Nalebuff BJ. Co-opetition. New York: Doubleday; 1997.Google Scholar
  2. Bush V. Science: the endless frontier. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office; 1945 (http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/nsf50/vbush1945.htm#transmittal).
  3. Campbell DFJ. “Externe Umwelten”. Außensichten auf das iff. In: Arnold M, editor. iff. Interdisziplinäre Wissenschaft im Wandel. Vienna: LIT; 2009. p. 99–134.Google Scholar
  4. Campbell DFJ. Wissenschaftliche “Parallelkarrieren” als chance. Wenn Wissenschaft immer öfter zur Halbtagsbeschäftigung wird, könnte eine Lösung im “Cross-Employment” liegen. Guest Commentary for DIE PRESSE (February 2, 2011); 2011. (http://diepresse.com/home/bildung/meinung/635781/Wissenschaftliche-Parallelkarrieren-als-Chance?direct=635777&_vl_backlink=/home/bildung/index.do&selChannel=500).
  5. Campbell DFJ, Carayannis EG. Lineare und nicht-lineare knowledge production: innovative herausforderungen für das hochschulsystem. Zeitschrift für Hochschulentwicklung. 2012;7(2):64–72 (http://www.zfhe.at/index.php/zfhe/article/view/448).
  6. Campbell DFJ, Carayannis EG. Epistemic governance in higher education. Quality enhancement of universities for development, Springer briefs in business. New York: Springer; 2013 (http://www.springer.com/business+%26+management/organization/book/978-1-4614-4417-6).
  7. Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ. “Mode 3”: meaning and implications from a knowledge systems perspective. In: Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ, editors. Knowledge creation, diffusion, and use in innovation networks and knowledge clusters. A comparative systems approach across the united states, Europe and Asia. Westport: Praeger; 2006. p. 1–25.Google Scholar
  8. Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ. “Mode 3” and “quadruple helix”: toward a 21st century fractal innovation ecosystem. Int J Technol Manage. 2009;46(3/4):201–234 (http://www.inderscience.com/browse/index.php?journalID=27&year=2009&vol=46&issue=3/4 and http://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=23374&prevQuery=&ps=10&m= or).
  9. Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ. Triple helix, quadruple helix and quintuple helix and how do knowledge, innovation and the environment relate to each other? a proposed framework for a trans-disciplinary analysis of sustainable development and social ecology. Int J Soc Ecol Sustain Develop. 2010;1(1):41–69 (http://www.igi-global.com/bookstore/titledetails.aspx?titleid=38876 and http://www.igi-global.com/bookstore/article.aspx?titleid=41959).
  10. Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ. Mode 3 knowledge production in quadruple helix innovation systems. 21st-Century democracy, innovation, and entrepreneurship for development, Springer briefs in business. New York: Springer; 2012 (http://www.springer.com/business+%26+management/book/978-1-4614-2061-3).
  11. Carayannis EG, Barth TD, Campbell DFJ. The quintuple helix innovation model: global warming as a challenge and driver for innovation. J Innov Entrepreneur. 2012;1(1):1–12 (http://www.innovation-entrepreneurship.com/content/pdf/2192-5372-1-2.pdf).
  12. Danilda I, Lindberg M, Torstensson B-M. Women resource centres. A quattro helix innovation system on the European Agenda. Paper; 2009. (http://www.hss09.se/own_documents/Papers/3-11%20-%20Danilda%20Lindberg%20&%20Torstensson%20-%20paper.pdf).
  13. Dubina IN, Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ. Creativity economy and a crisis of the economy? coevolution of knowledge, innovation, and creativity, and of the knowledge economy and knowledge society. J Know Econ. 2012;3(1):1–24 (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13132-011-0042-y).
  14. Etzkowitz H, Leydesdorff L. The dynamics of innovation: from national systems and “mode 2” to a triple helix of university-industry-government relations. Res Pol. 2000;29:109–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. European Commission. The world in 2025. Rising Asia and socio-ecological transition. Brussels: European Commission; 2009 (http://ec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/pdf/the-world-in-2025-report_en.pdf).
  16. Fischer-Kowalski M, Haberl H, editors. Socioecological transitions and global change. Trajectories of social metabolism and land use. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2007.Google Scholar
  17. Gibbons M, Camille L, Helga N, Simon S, Peter S, Martin T. The new production of knowledge. The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. London: Sage; 1994.Google Scholar
  18. Hemlin S, Allwood CM, Martin BR. Creative knowledge environments. The influences on creativity in research and innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2004.Google Scholar
  19. Kaiser R, Prange H. The reconfiguration of national innovation systems – the example of German biotechnology. Res Pol. 2004;33:395–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kuhlmann S. Future governance of innovation policy in Europe – three scenarios. Res Pol. 2001;30:953–976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Leydesdorff L. The triple helix, quadruple helix, …, and an n-tuple of helices: explanatory models for analyzing the knowledge-based economy? J Know Econ. 2012;3(1):25–35 (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13132-011-0049-4).
  22. Lundvall B-Å, editor. National systems of innovation. Towards a theory of innovation and interactive learning. London: Pinter Publishers; 1992.Google Scholar
  23. Nowotny H, Scott P, Gibbons M. Re-thinking science. Knowledge and the public in an age of uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity Press; 2001.Google Scholar
  24. Nowotny H, Scott P, Gibbons M. Mode 2 revisited: the new production of knowledge. Minerva. 2003;41:179–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nowotny H, Scott P, Gibbons M. Re-thinking science: mode 2 in societal context. In: Carayannis EG, Campbell DFJ, editors. Knowledge creation, diffusion, and use in innovation networks and knowledge clusters. A comparative systems approach across the united states, Europe and Asia. Westport: Praeger; 2006. p. 39–51.Google Scholar
  26. Pfeffer T. Virtualization of universities. Digital media and the organization of higher education institutions. New York: Springer; 2012 (http://www.springer.com/business+%26+management/media+management/book/978-1-4614-2064-4).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information Systems & Technology ManagementSchool of Business, The George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Faculty for Interdisciplinary Studies (IFF)Institute of Science Communication and Higher Education Research, Alpen–Adria–University KlagenfurtViennaAustria
  3. 3.University of Applied ArtsViennaAustria