Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems: Quintuple Helix and Social Ecology

  • Elias G. CarayannisEmail author
  • David F. J. Campbell
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_310


Conceptual Point of Departure for Mode 3 Knowledge Production in Quadruple Helix Innovation Systems

Universities, or higher education institutions (HEIs) in more general, have three main functions: teaching and education, research (research and experimental development, R&D), and the so-called third mission activities, for example, innovation (Campbell and Carayannis 2013, p. 5). University research, in a traditional understanding, focuses on basic research, often framed within a matrix of academic disciplines, and without a...

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information Systems & Technology ManagementSchool of Business, The George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Faculty for Interdisciplinary Studies (IFF)Institute of Science Communication and Higher Education Research, Alpen–Adria–University KlagenfurtViennaAustria
  3. 3.University of Applied ArtsViennaAustria