Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Global University System in World Society

  • Thomas PfefferEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_278


Key Concepts and Definition of Terms

World Society

From the perspective of modern systems theory in the tradition of Niklas Luhmann, world society is a global social system that comprises all communications and actions and makes them mutually accessible. There exists no social entity outside world society, and only events and actors which are processed in communication can be part of society. Without being established in communication, society cannot deal with them.

All other social systems can be regarded as internal structures of world society, which are also composed of communications and actions. The main types of social systems are society itself (segmentally differentiated in function systems), organizations and interaction systems. Social systems of different types are not mutually exclusive but rather overlap (or interpenetrate) each other.

Function Systems

Functional differentiation can be seen as the dominant structural...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Migration and GlobalizationDanube University KremsKremsAustria
  2. 2.Institute for Science Communication and Higher Education ResearchKlagenfurt UniversityViennaAustria