Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Green Business and Entrepreneurship

  • Abdelillah HamdouchEmail author
  • Marc-Hubert Depret
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_217



The last few years have seen the emergence and gradual development of a number of innovative environmental products, services, and technologies, hence the rapid growth of a tangible “green” business/economy which is developing today all around the world and which is becoming increasingly organized through the formation of coalitions/clusters/networks of “green entrepreneurs.”

However, green entrepreneurship remains understudied in the literature. Therefore, the contours of the phenomenon are rather fuzzy. At the same time, green entrepreneurs are still facing substantial economic and noneconomic barriers that hamper their development.

Environmental Innovations and “Green Business”: A Great Potential Entrepreneurship Opportunity

Broadly speaking, environmental innovations can be defined as new or modified processes, techniques, practices, systems, and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. BERR Department for Business Enterprise & Regulatory Reform. Low carbon and environmental goods and services: an industry analysis. Winsford Cheshire: John Sharp: Innovas Solutions Ltd; 2009.Google Scholar
  2. Cooney S. Build a green small business: profitable ways to become an ecopreneur. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2008.Google Scholar
  3. Depret M-H, Hamdouch A. Clean technologies and perspectives of the “green economy” in emergent and developing countries: foundations, opportunities and constraints (forthcoming). In: Laperche B, Levratto N, Uzunidis D, editors. Innovation, growth and sustainable development: the new eco-tech paradigm. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2012.Google Scholar
  4. Ghosh S, Nanda R. Venture Capital investment in the clean energy sector. Harvard Business School Working paper, 11–020; 2011.Google Scholar
  5. Hamdouch A, Depret M-H. Policy integration strategy and the development of the “green economy”: foundations and implementation patterns. J Environ Plan Manag. 2010;53(4):473–90.Google Scholar
  6. Hockerts K, Wüstenhagen R. Greening goliaths versus emerging davids: theorizing about the role of incumbents and New entrants in sustainable entrepreneurship. J Bus Ventur. 2010;25:481–92.Google Scholar
  7. Horwitch M, Mulloth B. The interlinking of entrepreneurs, grassroots movements, public policy and hubs of innovation: the rise of cleantech in New York city. J High Technol Manag Res. 2010;21(1):23–30.Google Scholar
  8. Isaksson A. Cleantech entrepreneurs: attributes, intentions and performance. Front Entrep Res. 2009;29(5):19.Google Scholar
  9. Koester E. Green entrepreneur handbook: the guide to building and growing a green and clean business. New York: CRC Press; 2010.Google Scholar
  10. UNEP, Bloomberg New Energy Finance, Global trends in sustainable energy investment 2011: analysis of trends and issues in the financing of renewable energy. Frankfurt: UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance Frankfurt School of Finance & Management; 2011.Google Scholar
  11. Warren L. Sustainable innovation and entrepreneurship. Int J Entrep Behav Res. 2009;15(3):315–6.Google Scholar
  12. Wüstenhagen R, Wuebker R. Handbook of research on energy entrepreneurship. London: Edward Elgar; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Planning DepartmentPolytechnic School, University of ToursToursFrance
  2. 2.University of Poitiers, IRIAF, CRIEFNiortFrance