Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Creative, or a Behavior Problem?

  • Kyung Hee Kim
  • Robert A. Pierce
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_20



A creative personality is closely related to certain personality types, various classifications developed over the past half-century. Personality classifications have neurological bases, though sociocultural factors also influence a person’s personality type. Different personality types are not positive or negative. Rather, individuals with particular personality types have particular dispositions. Those dispositions are better suited for some contexts than for others. Evaluation of a personality, such as a creative personality, depends upon context. In many settings, the traits of a creative personality are highly valued, but in others criticized. For example, as schools are currently constituted, many traits common to creative personalities are often perceived negatively. Awareness of what common characteristics of a creative personality are may reduce negative evaluations of creative dispositions and might lead to enhanced...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bloom S, Reichert M. Bearing witness: violence and collective responsibility. New York: Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press; 1998.Google Scholar
  2. Duck L. Understanding American education: its past, practices, and promises. Burke: Chatelaine Press; 1996.Google Scholar
  3. Eisenman R. From crime to creativity: psychological and social factors in deviance. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt; 1991.Google Scholar
  4. Farley FH. Psychobiology and cognition: an individual differences model. In: Strelau J, Farley FH, Gale A, editors. Biological bases of personality and cognition. New York: Hemisphere; 1983.Google Scholar
  5. Farley FH. The big T in personality. Psychol Today. 1986;20(May):44–52.Google Scholar
  6. Kagan J, Rosman BL. Cardiac and respiratory correlates of attention and an analytic attitude. J Exp Child Psychol. 1964;1:50–63.Google Scholar
  7. Myers IB, Myers PB. Gifts differing (special anniversary edition). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1980.Google Scholar
  8. Pollack W. Real boys: rescuing our sons from the myths of boyhood. New York: Random House; 1998.Google Scholar
  9. Reichert M, Hawley R. Reaching boys teaching boys: strategies that work – and why. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2010.Google Scholar
  10. Thompson M. Raising cain: protecting the emotional life of boys. New York: Ballantine Books; 1999.Google Scholar
  11. Torrance EP. The manifesto: a guide to developing a creative career. West Westport: Ablex; 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The College of William and MaryWilliamsburgUSA
  2. 2.Christopher Newport UniversityNewport NewsUSA