Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

2013 Edition
| Editors: Elias G. Carayannis

Creativity and Confucianism

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3858-8_18


Creativity and Confucianism

Confucianism – the ideas of the teachings of Confucius (551–479 B.C.) – prescribes the practical ethics of daily life without religious considerations. Confucianism is the major cultural influence in Asian societies including China, Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Confucian cultural tradition and values have served as the ethical and moral foundation for East Asian thinking, permeating every interaction, from business to social to family. Confucian values contrast sharply with Western values, which encourage individuality, individual achievement, and various means of standing out, such as displaying creativity. Confucianism, with its emphasis on rote learning, hierarchy, and inequality, has traditionally dampened creativity. Though various forces have worked to diminish Confucianism’s impact in recent years (Kim and Pierce 2012), considerable differences in conceptions of creativity have...

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The College of William and MaryWilliamsburgUSA
  2. 2.Christopher Newport UniversityNewport NewsUSA