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Evaluation of Sinusitis: Evidence-Based Neuroimaging

  • Yoshimi Anzai
Reference work entry
Part of the Evidence-Based Imaging book series (Evidence-Based Imag.)

Abstract

The term “sinusitis” technically refers to inflammation of the mucosa of the paranasal sinuses. Under normal circumstance, the paranasal sinuses are assumed to be sterile. However, the paranasal sinuses are continuous to nasal mucosa or nasopharynx that is heavily colonized with bacteria. These bacteria are present in low density and removed by the normal mucociliary function of the paranasal sinuses. Normal mucous secretions contain antibodies and, together with mucociliary clearance, work to clear bacteria from the paranasal sinuses. Thus, maintaining the mucociliary flow and an intact local mucosal surface are key host defenses against infection [1]. Sinusitis is classified as acute, subacute, or chronic, based on the duration of the illness. Acute sinusitis refers to sinusitis symptoms lasting fewer than 4 weeks, and chronic sinusitis refers to sinusitis lasting more than 12 weeks. Subacute sinusitis falls in between these two.

Keywords

Paranasal Sinus Chronic Granulomatous Disease Chronic Sinusitis Acute Sinusitis Maxillary Sinusitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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