Spinal Injections for Low Back Pain: Evidence-Based Treatment

  • John A. Carrino
  • Nikolai Bogduk
Reference work entry
Part of the Evidence-Based Imaging book series (Evidence-Based Imag.)


Low back pain is a distinctly different condition from lumbar radicular pain (sometimes called “sciatica”). Radicular pain is lancinating pain that travels into the lower limb along a narrow band [1]. It is caused by disc herniation, foraminal stenosis, lateral recess stenosis, or other space-occupying lesions in the vertebral canal that compromise lumbosacral nerve roots. In contrast, low back is dull, aching pain that is centered on the lumbar, or lumbosacral, spine but may radiate into the buttocks or proximal thigh; it can radiate beyond the knee but not typically so. Its causes are elusive and difficult to determine.


Oswestry Disability Index Moderate Evidence Spinal Injection Medial Branch Epidural Steroid Injection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological ScienceJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Newcastle Bone and Joint InstituteRoyal Newcastle Center, University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia

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