Seizure Disorders: Evidence-Based Neuroimaging

  • Elysa Widjaja
  • Byron Bernal
  • Nolan Altman
Reference work entry
Part of the Evidence-Based Imaging book series (Evidence-Based Imag.)


A seizure is a symptom; epilepsy is a disease. Seizures occur as the result of an electrical discharge in the brain. Epilepsy is a disease characterized by more than one seizure. The International League Against Epilepsy has proposed a classification of the epileptic syndromes, epilepsies, and related seizure disorders. Generalized and focal seizures are defined as seizures occurring in and rapidly involving bilaterally distributed networks (generalized) and within networks limited to one hemisphere, either discretely localized or more widely distributed (focal). Genetic, structural-metabolic, and unknown represent modified concepts to replace idiopathic, symptomatic, and cryptogenic categories in the prior classification. The causes of epilepsies are organized by electro-clinical syndromes, nonsyndromic epilepsies with structural-metabolic causes, and epilepsies of unknown cause.


Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Febrile Seizure Focal Cortical Dysplasia Moderate Evidence Language Lateralization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic ImagingUniversity of Toronto/Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyMiami Children’s HospitalMiamiUSA

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